|Album by Rush|
|Released||January 1, 1980|
|Recorded||September - October 1979 at Le Studio, Morin Heights, Quebec|
|Producer||Rush and Terry Brown|
Permanent Waves is the seventh studio album by the Canadian rock band Rush, released January 1, 1980. The album was recorded at Le Studio, Morin Heights, Quebec, and was mixed at Trident Studios in London, UK. Permanent Waves became Rush's first US Top 5 album hitting #4 and was the band's fifth Gold (eventually Platinum) selling album. The album also marks a distinct transition from heavy metal and progressive rock into a more accessible, radio-friendly style and consequently, a significant expansion in the band's record sales with perennial favorites such as "The Spirit of Radio" and "Freewill" seeing considerable radio airplay.
"The Spirit of Radio" featured the band's early experiments with a reggae style, which was explored further on Moving Pictures and Signals.
A notable track on Permanent Waves is "Jacob's Ladder", a song style reminiscent of their earlier art rock period. Exploring odd time signatures, the song possesses a dark, ominous feel. The song's lyrics are based on a simple concept; a vision of sunlight breaking through storm clouds. The title is a reference to the natural phenomenon of the sun breaking through the clouds in visible rays, which in turn is named after the Biblical ladder to heaven on which Jacob saw angels ascending and descending in a vision.
"Entre Nous" ("Between Us") is similar in style to "Freewill," yet it did not receive heavy radio airplay, and was not featured in concerts until the Snakes & Arrows Tour. While the band began stepping back from the epic song format on this album, "Natural Science" does clock in at over nine minutes and is composed of three distinct movements. The lyrics are driven by concepts of natural science. It has been played, with a different arrangement, on every tour from Test for Echo onward.
The cover art sparked some controversy due to the appearance of the "Dewey Defeats Truman" headline on the newspaper. Due to pressure from the Chicago Tribune, Hugh Syme changed the text to "Dewei Defeats Truman". The billboards in the distance were changed from Coca-Cola (who objected to the use of their logo) to include each band member's name in similar typestyle. The waving man is cover artist Hugh Syme.
The writing of the album began in July 1979, at a farmhouse at Lakewoods Farm in Ontario on Georgian Bay, Lake Huron while Peart started his lyrics in a cottage near there. They began with an instrumental jam, which they nick-named "Uncle Tounouse". Parts of this were used in the songs on the album. While Peart worked on lyrics, Lifeson and Lee would work on musical ideas in the basement. Within a few days they had put together "The Spirit of Radio", "Freewill", and "Jacob's Ladder", which came very naturally to them, and it was recorded on a Slider JVC mobile unit. "Entre Nous" was the only lyric complete ahead of time.
Neil was working on making a song out of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, the medieval epic from King Arthur's time. Based on the story written in the 14th century, he was trying to keep its original style. It was deemed too out of place with the other material and was discarded. They moved into Sound Kitchen studio in Toronto to record demos, joined by producer Terry Brown. "The Spirit of Radio", "Freewill", and "Jacob's Ladder" were further polished on the warm-up tour during soundchecks.
In 1982, Lee told Rolling Stone Magazine that the album's title referred to "a theory that was going [within the band] about, like, culture waves; and there was a night when Neil said that a big album was like a permanent wave and I told him, 'that's our title.'"
Rush headed to Le Studio in Morin Heights, Quebec and began tweaking the settings of instruments and positioning of microphones. They recorded basic tracks with multiple takes until they captured the best performance. While Lee, Lifeson, and Terry Brown began overdubs, Peart began attempting to write another epic song to replace the discarded "Green Knight", and after enduring three days of writer's block, "Natural Science" was born. Fin Costello was then brought in to photograph the band in the studio. Cover art director Hugh Syme was also brought in and added a piano solo to "Different Strings". Music was composed for "Natural Science", with some leftover parts from "Green Knight". The tide pool effects for the song were created by splashing oars in the private lake, performed by producer Terry Brown and studio assistant Kim Bickerdike, and the natural echo outside was used to record various instruments. The rough mixes on the album were complete, and the final mix was completed in a week at Trident studios, London.
- "The Spirit of Radio" – 4:57
- "Freewill" – 5:24
- "Jacob's Ladder" – 7:26
- "Entre Nous" – 4:36
- "Different Strings" (Lee, Lifeson) – 3:48
- "Natural Science" – 9:17
- I. "Tide Pools" – 2:21
- II. "Hyperspace" – 2:47
- III. "Permanent Waves" – 4:08
- Geddy Lee - Bass guitars, Oberheim polyphonic, OB-1, Mini-moog, Taurus pedal synthesizers, vocals
- Alex Lifeson - Six and twelve string electric and acoustic guitars, Taurus pedals
- Neil Peart - Drums, tympani, timbales, orchestra bells, tubular bells, wind chimes, bell tree, triangle, crotales
- Rush and Terry Brown - Arrangements
- Paul Northfield - Engineer
- Robbie Whelan - Engineer assistant
- Terry Brown - Mixing engineer
- Adam Moseley, Craig Milliner, Geddy Lee and Steve S. Hort - Assistant mixing engineer
- Mastered at Gateway Mastering Studios, Portland, Maine
- Hugh Syme - Art direction, graphics
- Hugh Syme and Neil Peart - Cover concept
- Fin Costello, Flip Schulke and Deborah Samuel - Photography
- Peter George - Color collaboration
- Mike Deere - Pilot of Juliet Foxtrot Kilo
- Ray Danniels - Management
- SRO Management, Inc., Toronto, Ontario
- Howard (Herns) Ungerleider - Road manager, lighting director and assistant to Mr. Shreve
- Concert Lighting by See Factor International
- Concert Sound by National Sound and Electrosound
- Liam (Punjabi) Birt - Stage right technician
- Skip (Slider) Gildersleeve - Stage left technician
- Larry (Shrav) Allen - Center stage technician
- Tony (Jack Secret) Geranios - Guitar and synthesizer maintenance
- Ted (Theo) McDonald - Electrical technician
- Gred (Gordie) Connolly - Stage monitor mixer
- Harry (Tex) Dilman - Projectionist
- Sam (Shreve) Charters - Personal shreve
- Bill Collins - Concert rigging
- Tom (Whitney) Whittaker, Pat (No. 9) Lines, Arthur (Mac) MacLear, Gene Guido and Tim Lewis - Driver
- Moe Kniffman, Nick Kotos, George (Ike) Guido, Bob (Puppy) Cross, John LeBlanc, Bill Churchman, Dave (Shreve 1) Donne, Fuzzy Frazer, Dave Burman, Helmut, Nick Prince, Graham (Wild Man) Hewitt, Sgt. Rock & Easy Co., Second City Television, Lakewoods Farm, The Sound Kitchen, Lefty, D.K.D., Steve Herns, Le Studio: Andre, Yael, Pam, Kim, Carole, and Roger, Andre & La Barratte, the Wines & Crew, FM & Crew, Wireless & Crew, The Maxoids, Marvin Gleicher, Brian Robertson, Jimmy Bain, Michael Schenker, the Projectors, Peter Mensch, the P.M., Bob (the Grove) Snelgrove, the inmates of the Great Fog, Gerry Griffin, Lee Scherer, and their families and friends at NASA, Henry Spencer and baby, Le Mont St. Michael, the Montcalm, vin-du-hairface, volleyball, Space Invaders (10p), euchre, Malibu Grand Prix, hockey- Steve Shutt and Larry Robinson (thanks for the sticks!), M*A*S*H, The Jack Secret Show, Rickey, Lucy, and Ethel, (Where's Fred?), Neal and Larry at the Percussion Centre, all at Oak Manor, and all at Trident - Honorable mention
- Gibson, Moog, Tama drums, Rickenbacker, and Sunn amplification - Appreciation to the fine people and instruments
- Daisy the Dog - Inspiration, vocal coaching
- Ou la la - Cover girl couturiere
- Executive Production by Moon Records
|U.S.||Top LPs & Tapes (Billboard 200)||4|
|U.K.||Albums||3||January 26, 1980|
|Canada||RPM 100 Top Albums||3||April 12, 1980|
|Netherlands||GfK Dutch Album Top 100||38||February 16, 1980|
|Norway||VG-lista Topp 40 Album||21||January 21, 1980|
|Sweden||Sverigetopplisten Albums Top 60||26||February 8, 1980|
|U.S.||RIAA||Gold (500,000)||March 17, 1980|
|U.S.||RIAA||Platinum (1,000,000)||November 9, 1987|
|U.K.||BPI||Silver (60,000)||February 19, 1980|
|U.K.||BPI||Gold (100,000)||July 22, 1981|
A remaster was issued in May 6, 1997.
- The tray has a picture of the star with man painting (mirroring the cover art of Retrospective I) with "The Rush Remasters" printed in all capital letters just to the left. All remasters from Rush through to Permanent Waves are like this.
- Includes the original back cover of the album, showing the band in the recording studio, as well as the inner-sleeve pictures, credits, and lyrics which were missing from the original CD.
Mobile Fidelity Sound Labs released gold CD and "audiophile" LP remasters in early 2008.
|United States||Mercury||822 548-2||1987|
|United States||Mercury||314 534 630-2||1997|
|United Kingdom||Mercury||534 630-2||1997|
Cassette Tape Edit
|United States||Mercury||822 548-4||1980|
|United States||Mercury||MCR4 1-4001||1980|
|"The Spirit of Radio"